Since the pumps have been manufactured, many tasks have become significantly easier. On the other hand, we have also been able to accomplish previously impossible activities with them. It used to be said that water never flows uphill, but thanks to the presence of water pumps, water can now be lifted and supplied to higher ground. Even different types of mining pumps can handle highly viscous materials, which enables faster and more efficient operations. In this article, we will discuss the various types of mining pumps and highlight their effectiveness alongside their important features.
Why do we need pumps in mines?
Many raw materials used in industries, construction, and other sectors are extracted from the earth. Mines are the sources of these materials, and proper methods are required to discharge them. When mining operations begin and work commences, there may be a need to drain excess water from the mine. Additionally, if there is a need for water at higher elevations, it can be accomplished using water pumps.
Types of Mining Pumps and Their Efficiency:
In mines, various activities such as floor dewatering, slurry disposal, dry material discharge, etc., are carried out. Each of these activities may require a specific type of pump. Manufacturers specializing in mining pumps provide the necessary products in this field, allowing business owners to benefit from them to the fullest extent.
One of these manufacturers is Abravan Company. You can contact our experts for getting advice on mining pumps, and they will recommend the best product for you.
Stainless Steel Pumps and Their Specifications
If we want to choose a pump with high efficiency and long service life, stainless steel pumps are a good option. In mines, due to the presence of corrosive materials and acidic or alkaline environment, metallic materials may deteriorate quickly. Therefore, pumps that have high resistance to corrosion and rust should be used. Additionally, they should withstand wear and heat effectively.
The high mechanical strength of stainless steel pumps makes them suitable for both large and small mines. Moreover, long service life and low depreciation of their component have made these kind of pumps a cost-effective choice over time.
If you’re wondering about the capabilities of stainless steel pumps, it’s important to know that they can be designed for various sectors. High-pressure pumps, industrial water pumps, slurry pumps, etc., are examples of stainless steel mining pumps used in water supply and treatment industries, steam boilers, chemical and food industries, pharmaceutical industries, and more.
The use of stainless steel mining pumps in the food industry ensures that water or other fluids do not react with the pump body, preventing any food safety issues. You can explore different models of stainless steel mining pumps among the products offered by Abravan Company. Even if you need a larger pump with more power, you can discuss your requirements with the consultants of this company to have the desired type designed, if feasible.
What is a slurry pump and what is its application?
As mentioned, some materials have higher viscosity compared to water. Certainly, stronger pumps are needed for these materials. A slurry pump is one type of pump used for pumping thick fluids. Among these fluids, slurries can be mentioned as having the highest viscosity among various types of mineral slurries.
Slurry pumps are also called thick slurry pumps. Typically, slurry pumps are of the centrifugal type used in mining. These pumps consist of various components working together. The main component is a spiral-shaped casing that is visible at first glance. The motor of the pump is usually positioned next to it, centrally, as a single suction.
The impeller of the slurry pump is suspended as a cantilever and dynamically performs its function. A flange is also present in these pumps, typically connected to the pump thrust chamber and located at the top.
Sealing of the slurry pump has been designed in such a way that the pump performs optimally. Other centrifugal pumps use graphite tapes for sealing. If necessary, external cooling can be utilized for the sealing components by using an external fluid.
One important component of the slurry pump is its bearing, which must have the capability to lift the slurry and other thick materials. The bearings used in these types of pumps are fully standardized and designed for heavy-duty work. Slurry pumps are essentially categorized as sewage pumps since they are capable of effectively pumping high-viscosity fluids which have high specific weight.
Types of Slurry Pumps and Their Differences
Slurry pumps for mining have different efficiencies. Naturally, different models are produced to meet the required efficiency. Essentially, there are two types of slurry pumps based on their placement in the system.
- Vertical slurry pump
- Horizontal slurry pump
Sometimes there is a need to transfer materials from greater depths. In such cases, vertical pumps are used. When the fluid transfer is done horizontally on a relatively smooth plane, horizontal slurry pumps are designed for the system.
However, slurry pumps are also available in various models such as dredging slurry pumps, helical slurry pumps, HDS pumps, etc., which exist in companies and purchased based on customer needs.
What do you know about hot oil pumps?
It’s not always about the high power and the viscosity of the material when it comes to pumps; sometimes the issue is the temperature of the substances. When a pump operates, it generates high heat, causing its components to become hot. Hot oil pumps are designed specifically for this purpose. Due to their special structure, these pumps can handle hot oil up to a temperature of 350 degrees Celsius and water with a temperature above 185 degrees Celsius for pumping.
Hot oil pumps have a helical shape and are a type of single-suction and centrifugal pump. Their horizontal structure makes them suitable for use in horizontal systems. The reason for choosing a high-temperature pump is its material’s resistance, which can withstand high temperatures.
The material used for these pumps is usually cast iron. Hot oil pumps are used in various industries such as oil and gas, food industry, galvanic baths, textile industry, and more. However, the most common use of hot oil pumps is in automotive engines.
Types of slurry or sludge pumps
Another type of pump widely used in mining is the slurry or sludge pump. Some materials flow easily but contain solid particles that can cause corrosion or abrasion in their path.
The amount of corrosion or abrasion depends on the characteristics of the solid particles. In any case, solutions must be considered for these materials and anti-abrasion pumps should be used.
The components of these pumps have much higher resistance compared to ordinary mining pumps. Different models of slurry pumps are designed for different slurry fluids to ensure the necessary resistance for each fluid. These pumps are also among the types of centrifugal pumps.
Slurry or sludge pumps can be either centrifugal or peristaltic, depending on the environmental conditions. There are also other classifications such as horizontal, vertical, screw, multistage, etc., among the various models of slurry or sludge pumps.
These types of pumps are used for drainage and municipal purposes, petroleum , limestone slurry, wastewater treatment, transfer of abrasive pulp, transfer of waste containing gold, lead, and other metals, and in short, for various waste materials containing fine and coarse particles.
The materials used for various types of slurry pumps are generally compact and high-quality plastics. Plastics have greater resistance to corrosive and abrasive materials compared to metals. One important point to consider when using a slurry pump is the pump model. Depending on the intended use, you should select the appropriate and durable model.
Best manufacturer of mining pumps
To transfer fluid materials, specialized pumps should be used. The best quality and reliable pumps should be purchased for this purpose. Abravan Company, as one of the top manufacturers of various high-quality mining pumps with standard systems, has an outstanding track record in this field.
This company produces and supplies various types of slurry pumps, dewatering pumps, stainless steel pumps, hot oil pumps, etc., to the market. Before making a purchase, you can receive the necessary advice on selecting the best mining pump from our professional experts to ensure the best purchase.