Since copper mining began in the 19th century, copper has become a vital resource. Given the scarcity of minerals such as copper and its rising demand, it is critical to be as efficient as possible in its refining and manufacturing processes. Copper is processed and manufactured in various ways, including through direct melting, concentration, and acid washing.
Appropriate pumps are one of the most critical aspects of copper processing. Copper processing pumps are classified into many categories. 316L steel and bronze pumps, which we shall discuss in this post, are among the most well-known and practical copper processing pumps.
Pumps’ involvement in copper processing
Pumps are a key component in the copper processing process. The pumps transport the copper sulfate slurry to the bleaching procedure. The use of pumps and the kinds of pumps used vary because various technologies are employed to process and extract copper from mines. Leaching, flotation, and backfilling processes often include the use of pumps.
It is critical to utilize suitable pumps during operation. For example, employing a centrifugal pump to remove waste materials in copper mining is not cost-effective. Because these pumps fail and must be fixed owing to high abrasion intensity during operation,
Pumps used in grouting and other procedures, on the other hand, must be corrosion-resistant against acids. The used pump must have a sturdy and durable body that can withstand corrosion; temperature changes from high to low, and so on.
316L steel, copper processing pump introduction
Contact the experts at Abarvan Company if you want them to recommend the best product for you if you need a pump for copper processing.
In the current state of the copper processing sector, pumps with 316L steel bodies are often used. Metals like steel and bronze may be used in industrial settings thanks to certain characteristics. Corrosion and wear provide the most significant difficulties in the mining and processing copper. The use of pumps with good corrosion and wear resistance significantly simplifies the processing of copper.
316L steel, used to make 316L steel pumps, is stainless steel with high corrosion resistance. The high concentrations of metals such as nickel and molybdenum prevent crevice and cavity corrosion. Furthermore, 316L steel is very resilient to chemical toxins and acidic solutions, including bromides, sulfuric acid, and chlorides, making it an excellent choice for copper processing applications.
Because the difference is in the kind of material, they are built of. Precisely the type of steel they are constructed of, 316L copper processing pumps are a low-carbon variation of 316 pumps. Comparatively speaking, 316L steel contains less carbon than 316 steel. This grade’s maximum carbon concentration is 0.03%. These pumps have outstanding strength even at cryogenic temperatures because of their austenitic structure.
Features of a Copper Processing Pump
316L steel and bronze copper processing pumps have the following characteristics:
- Excellent abrasion resistance;
- Excellent corrosion resistance in acidic and chemical environments due to the alloy and material used to construct the body and propellers;
- 316L steel submersible pumps with compact structures, small sizes, wear resistance, corrosion resistance, long lives, and the ability to easily pump sewage, slurry, and solid particles
- It outperforms 304 steel pumps in environments with pH ranges of 4 to 10.
- It has a high heat resistance and can withstand temperatures ranging from 50 to 100 degrees Celsius. Some of them perform admirably at higher temperatures, such as 450 degrees.
- These pumps can efficiently operate at 220 and 380 volts. It is also possible to modify them to operate at 660 volts.
- The amount of pressure tolerance and flow in them varies depending on the size, construction specifications, etc. Some of these copper processing pumps have flow rates ranging from several hundred cubic meters per hour to 3500 cubic meters per hour. The pressure ranges from 10 to 40 bars.
- Depending on the application, they come in horizontal, vertical, floating, and other configurations.
- Some models of these pumps can be inspected and repaired without removing the pump from its position.
- They are simple to repair and typically outlast similar or traditional copper processing pumps.
- Their minimum level of protection is IP55, and their typical work class is F.
Pumps in the copper processing industry are classified into two types: process pumps and service pumps. A pump that provides a service to the process is referred to as a service pump. The process pump is also known as a pump whose function is integrated into the process. A pump that does this work will be directly responsible for the process’s continuous operation.
316L copper processing pumps are used in the copper processing industry and come in service and process types with different characteristics and structures depending on where they are used. Because of their high resistance to abrasion and corrosion in industrial environments, particularly in copper processing plants, these pumps have become common in many countries worldwide.