Many people don’t pay attention to their electrical devices and equipment until they break down, instead of taking care of them from the beginning. However, by following a series of maintenance techniques, you can extend the service time of your devices. Water pumps are no exception, and with proper maintenance, you can increase their service time so that they work as good as new. This article tries to explain how to properly maintain a water pump, so you can save on the costly expenses of repairs, replacements, reinstallations, and start-ups by implementing simple solutions.
Why is optimal use of a water pump important?
If you are indifferent to this issue, it’s like driving hundreds of kilometers continuously in your car without ever changing the oil. Therefore, it’s obvious that over time, the engine will weaken and won’t perform at 100% efficiency.
Naturally, just like prevention is better than cure and its costs are much lower, the costs of proper care and maintenance are also significantly less than the expenses of repairs or, in some cases, pump replacement.
Don’t ignore the pump’s user manual!
Just like any product in the world, it comes with a catalog or user manual. As a buyer, it is important to thoroughly read the user manual of your device and follow the recommendations and maintenance guidelines provided for the water pump.
As mentioned, there are important and necessary guidelines for water pump maintenance in the specific user manual provided by the manufacturer, which should be read carefully. However, in this article, we will discuss eight very important techniques for proper maintenance of the pump, so that you can significantly contribute to the health and longevity of your water pump servis life by using it optimally.
Preventing water pump overheating
The biggest concern and problem in electrical and mechanical equipment is their tendency to overheat. To address this issue, radiator systems are used to cool down the devices. However, this is less of a concern in water pumps because the device’s temperature decreases to an acceptable level primarily as water passes through it.
This is only the case if the device is not operating continuously. However, if the pump operates continuously, it should be equipped with an automatic control system that allows the pump to turn on when the water is open and turn off when the water valve is closed.
Preventing water pump freezing
No pump model available on the market has the ability to withstand severe cold without freezing, so you need to consider insulating certain components:
- Water tank or source
- Insulating the pipes and connections from the tank to the pump
- Insulated pump casing manufacturing
- All of the pump’s exposed pipes
Water pump lubrication
The best option for optimal use of a water pump is periodic lubrication. In this process, it is sufficient to allocate specific intervals throughout the year for lubricating the water pump using oil or grease.
- Oil: Oil is used for devices and equipment that require operation at temperatures above 90 degrees Celsius.
- Grease: Grease is used for devices that operate at lower temperatures.
|For temperature below 90 degrees Celsius
|For temperature above 90 degrees Celsius
|For low rotational speeds (low-flow)
|For high rotational speeds (high-flow)
|For ported regions (parts)
|For sealed regions (parts)
Preventing pump’s operating without water
During the installation of a water pump, it is necessary to use a dedicated water storage source that is appropriate to the capacity of the units and floors of the building. This is because a water pump should never operate without water, and it is obvious that its installation will prevent this from happening.
Furthermore, the water pump should not be directly connected to the municipal water pipeline. If such an incident occurs, the water and sewage authority will identify the water pressure drop in the affected areas and take legal action against the violators.
Periodic inspection of the water pump capacitor
As you may know, the starting of a pump requires a power reserve inside the electric pump, which is the responsibility of a component called the capacitor. The capacitor acts like a battery and, just like a battery that depletes over time and needs replacement, the capacitor also needs to be replaced.
|Water pump capacitor replacement
|Periodic inspection of water pump’s capacity
|Once every two years
|Once every six months
Water pump priming
One of the problems that water pumps face is the lack of water pumping, which practically means that the pump will not function properly. To prevent this from happening and ensure optimal use of the water pump, it is recommended to have the device inspected every three to six months. This inspection should be carried out by technicians or experts in the field, who can perform the priming operation using tools such as a wrench and a screwdriver.
It is recommended to use professional technicians and specialists in the field when performing pump priming. This ensures that if there is any issue or problem in other parts of the pump, they can also address and resolve it.
Correct installation of water pump
One of the key differences between a good installer and others is the proper installation of water pumps. The way a water pump is installed has a significant effect on its performance and leads to optimal use of the water pump. It also increases the service life of the device and ensures the water pumping is done in the best possible way.
Therefore, when installing a water pump, it is important to rely on experienced technicians or specialists to perform the installation. Keep in mind that the following essential and necessary points should be observed for optimal use of the water pump:
- Water pumps should be installed on a level surface and never installed on an inclined surface.
- Water pumps should be installed in an environment free from dust, humidity, and rainfall, and should be installed in a dry manner.
- Water pumps should be installed lower than the water pipe and the tank valve during the installation process.
- There should be no valves between the water pump and the tank, and it should be directly connected to it.
Replacing valves and insulation in a timely manner
For optimal use of the water pump, it is recommended to periodically inspect the consumption valves and replace any worn-out valves with new ones every one or two years. The accumulation of water deposits, salt, or scaling can affect the performance of the valves in the pump. Therefore, replacing them is a cost-effective solution.
Insulation materials may also deteriorate or decay over time. Therefore, it is important to inspect them periodically, especially when the weather turns cold or the air becomes colder, and take appropriate action to repair any potential damage.
This article provides general guidelines for optimal use of water pumps and offers solutions to increase their service life. Remember to choose companies that provide good support when purchasing water pumps and can assist you with regular inspections. The eight golden and simple tips mentioned in this article will help increase the service life of your water pump. However, it is important to note that these guidelines are general and you should refer to the pump’s user manual or consult reputable sales agents for more specific and specialized maintenance instructions. You can also contact a reliable industrial pump repair company like Abravan for pump repair services.